Biological Oceanography: An Introduction: An Introduction (Google eBook)
This popular undergraduate textbook offers students a firm grounding in the fundamentals of biological oceanography. As well as a clear and accessible text, learning is enhanced with numerous illustrations including a colour section, thorough chapter summaries, and questions with answers and comments at the back of the book.
The comprehensive coverage of this book encompasses the properties of seawater which affect life in the ocean, classification of marine environments and organisms, phytoplankton and zooplankton, marine food webs, larger marine animals (marine mammals, seabirds and fish), life on the seafloor, and the way in which humans affect marine ecosystems.
The second edition has been thoroughly updated, including much data available for the first time in a book at this level. There is also a new chapter on human impacts - from harvesting vast amounts of fish, pollution, and deliberately or accidentally transferring marine organisms to new environments.
This book complements the Open University Oceanography Series, also published by Butterworth-Heinemann, and is a set text for the Open University third level course, S330.
A leading undergraduate text
New chapter on human impacts - a highly topical subject
Expanded colour plate section
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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 2 THE ABIOTIC ENVIRONMENT
CHAPTER 3 PHYTOPUNKTON AND PRIMARY PRODUCTION
CHAPTER 4 ZOOPLANKTON
CHAPTER 5 ENERGY FLOW AND MINERAL CYCLING
CHAPTER 6 NEKTON AND FISHERIES OCEANOGRAPHY
CHAPTER 7 BENTHOS
CHAPTER 8 BENTHIC CORAMUNITIES
CHAPTER 9 HUMAN IMPACTS ON MARINE BIOTA
abundant adult algae amount Antarctic areas Atlantic bacteria benthic benthos biological biomass carbon carnivorous cell changes chlorophyll clams Cnidaria coastal Colour Plate communities copepods coral reefs crustaceans ctenophores deep deep-sea deﬁned density depth detritus diatoms difﬁcult dinoﬂagellates distribution diversity dominant ecological ecosystems efﬁciency eggs energy environment epipelagic estuaries euphausiids euphotic zone feed Figure ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬁsheries ﬁshing ﬂow ﬂuctuations food chain freshwater growth rates gyres habitats herbivores increase inﬂuence intertidal invertebrates kelp large numbers larvae layers light intensity live mammals mangrove marine species meroplanktonic molluscs mussels nekton nitrate nitrogen numbers nutrient concentrations ocean oceanography organic material particles pelagic photosynthesis Phylum phytoplankton plankton plants pollutants polychaetes populations predators prey primary production protozoans radiation range regions relatively respiration result salinity sand sea surface seaﬂoor seawater Section sediments shellﬁsh snails squid substrate temperature terrestrial tonnes trophic levels types upwelling vertical migration water column whales zooplankton