A Grammar of Neverver
Neverver is an Oceanic language spoken by just over 500 people on the high island of Malekula in Vanuatu. Drawing on an extensive corpus of field recordings collected between 2004 and 2008, the analysis reveals a very interesting phonological system with six prenasalized segments, rich systems of possession, tense/aspect/mood marking, valence change, and verb serialization. The grammaris of interest to specialists in Oceanic and Austronesian linguistics, as well as to general linguists, especially those interested in linguistic typology.
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4 The noun phrase
5 Possession relativization and number
6 Verb classes
7 Expressing temporal modal and aspectual information
9 Clause structure
3IRR 3NSG 3POSS:SG 3REAL 3REAL:SG-one argument aspect associated attested Avava bilabial bilabial trill Bislama breadfruit CCV stem coconut common noun common noun preﬁx community members complement consonant contrast core SVCs corpus Crowley display encoded epenthetic event example expressed ﬁnal ﬁnd ﬁrst function geminate grammatical i-skham i-tokh i-ver i-vlem i-vu inclusory inﬂected intonation intransitive irrealis mood language laplap lexical Limap Lingarakh linguistic LOCPSN m-clauses main clause Malekula marked for irrealis marker meaning modiﬁers mood marking morpheme mother Neverver nida nidam nimkhut niterikh NMOD nokhos nominal noun phrase nuclear serial object occur Oceanic languages plosive position possessive possessor predicates prefix prenasalized preposition pronominal-noun pronoun REAL realis reduplication reference relative clause segment semantic sequence serial construction serial verb SG-come signal small number speakers stative stative verbs subject/mood preﬁx sufﬁx syllable temporal text corpus tion titi transitive verb Vanuatu verb stem vowel