Locke on Essence and Identity
This book is a study of John Locke's metaphysics of organisms and persons, with particular emphasis on his theory of identity through time and his conventionalism with respect to kinds and essences. Although these positions seem to be obviously incompatible-his persistence conditions for organisms and persons evidently commit him to attributing de re essential properties to these objects-the final three chapters constitute a sustained argument against this position. After presenting three arguments for thinking that the organisms and persons in Locke's ontology have both spatial and temporal extent, Conn argues that on a four-dimensional ontology (and only on such an ontology) there is no contradiction between Locke's theory of identity and his rejection of essentialism.
What people are saying - Write a review
We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.
according account of persistence anti-essentialism argue bodies claim committed compatible conditions for particular consciousness constituent masses constitute contends continue to exist corporeal substances corpuscularian counterpart theory Descartes diachronically compounded dyadic relations equally legitimate Essay essential properties example four-dimensional objects four-dimensional ontology hence Hume immaterial substance ISBN J. L. Mackie Jonathan Bennett Keith Lehrer Locke takes Locke's ontology Lockean organisms mass of matter masses of atoms modal realism natural kinds Newton nominal essence numerically distinct organisms and persons particular objects partly composed passage perduring persist by enduring persistence conditions person-stages personal identity Peter van Inwagen philosophers possible worlds principle of individuation real essences realist region of space relative identity thesis single sort sortal concepts spatial and temporal species stages statements substance theory successively existing masses suggests suppose Tabby temporal boundaries temporal extent temporally extended object theory of identity thing unsorted particulars wholly composed writes